Common Dog and Cat Vaccinations
ALL SHOTS REQUIRE TO BE ADMINISTERED 48 PRIOR TO VISIT TO ALLOW FOR REACTIONS TO PRESENT THEMSELVES. IDEALLY VACCINES SHOULD BE ADMINISTERED 10-14 DAYS PRIOR FOR FULL EFFECTIVENESS. In the case of the intranasal Bordetella vaccine, consider that it may take 72 hours for your dog to generate an immune response. In the case of the injectable form, consider that it may take at least two weeks to take full effect.
- DHPP (Distemper, Hepatitis, Parainfluenza, and Parvovirus): MANDATORY FOR BOARDING AND GROOMING. Once your dog completes their first full schedule of puppy shots, they’ll need the vaccine again every 1-3 years, depending on their age and risk status. Always recommend a vet administer the shot but this can be purchased at TSC and then self-administered.
- Bordetella: MANDATORY FOR BOARDING AND RECOMMENDED FOR GROOMING. MAKE CLIENT AWARE OF THE RISKS IF NOT VACCINATED. This vaccination protects your dog from Bordetella, one of the most common respiratory diseases for canines. Puppies receive this vaccine at nine weeks of age followed by another inoculation 3 weeks later. After these first two inoculations, dogs will a booster every 12 months. There are many other respiratory infectious agents that cause “Canine Infectious Respiratory Disease,” which this vaccine does not protect against. Most of the other respiratory infectious agents are not as aggressive and are self-limiting. Always recommend a vet administer the shot first but this can be purchased at TSC and then self-administered.
- Rabies: MANDATORY FOR BOARDING AND GROOMING. MUST BE GIVEN BY A VET EITHER AT THEIR OFFICE, A CLINIC, OR VIP VET AT TSC. Dogs get the first shot as young as 12 weeks of age but is required no later than 6 months. The initial shot is valid for one year from injection date. After that, they’ll need a booster every 3 years as long as there is no lapse in vaccine coverage. This vaccine is federally regulated and required by law for public safety.
- Leptospirosis: OPTIONAL VACCINE. Leptospirosis is an infection that causes liver and kidney failure in dogs. Most importantly, it can be passed to people and cause the same symptoms. There are very few adverse reactions to this vaccine today. This vaccine is given twice to puppies during the puppy series, then annually.
- Canine Influenza: OPTIONAL VACCINE. This emerging disease has been diagnosed right here in NJ and the surrounding states. It is highly contagious causing fever, coughing, lethargy, runny nose, etc and in some cases fatalities. It is prevented by inoculating with 2 initial boosters given 3 weeks apart, then annually.
Typical vaccinations for cats include:
- FVRCP (Feline Herpes, Calicivirus, and Panleukopenia) and Feline Distemper: MANDATORY FOR BOARDING AND GROOMING. Kittens receive this vaccination every 3 weeks starting at 7 weeks of age for a total of 3 inoculations. After your kitten completes this first schedule, they’ll need the vaccine again every 1-3 years, depending on their age and risk status.
- Rabies: MANDATORY FOR BOARDING AND GROOMING. Cats get the first 2 shots for rabies 3 weeks apart after 12 weeks of age. They then get another shot 1 year later followed by inoculations every 3 years. This vaccine is federally regulated and required by law for public safety.
- FeLV (Feline Leukemia): OPTIONAL VACCINE. Cats receive this vaccine at nine weeks with a booster at 12 weeks. After that, they’ll receive a booster at their annual wellness exams. For indoor-only cats, the schedule may change or be discontinued, depending on risk status.
REMEMBER TO ALWAYS SUGGEST A VET VISIT FIRST! THEN OFFER INFORMATION ON TSC VET CLINICS, SPCA CLINICS, AND DIRECT THEM TO FACEBOOK FOR FINDING GREAT LOCAL CLINIC INFO. LASTLY, YOU CAN (but should avoid) INFORMING THEM ABOUT THE BUYING VACCINES AT TSC FOR THEM TO SELF ADMINISTER TO THEIR DOGS.